The word scale is of Latin origin, “scale.” Scale is an ordered succession of different things but of the same kind, such as the color scale. Also, it is an important extension of a plan, situation, or business, for example, educational games for children and youth.

The word scale is used as a synonym for graduation, level, rank, synonym, proportion, size, etc. Under this, scale is the proportion between a distance measure on a map, drawing, plan, and the corresponding length on the ground. In this sense, the scales writing in the form of a ratio. The antecedent is the value of the plant, and the consequent is the value of reality. For example, at 1:400, 1 cm is equivalent to 4 meters.

These tools draw distances and dimensions proportionally on a plan or map. If according to the scale of a map, one centimeter equals ten actual kilometers, a distance of 100 kilometers must be represent by 10 centimeters. On the other hand, the scale is a straight line that, divided into equal parts, allows meters, kilometers, or another unit of measurement to be represent.

What Are The Types Of Scales?

Scales help us to read the information shown on plans or maps correctly. The rankings will be different depending on the type of map we want to analyze.

If we know their types of measurements, we will know the different information shown to us. Such as the height, the dimensions of the terrain represented, or what we need to build. From mathematical variables, which maintain numerical equivalences, we will be able to understand what the measurements of the virtual reference image are.

Natural Scale

We are on a natural scale when the actual size of the represented object or land coincides with the size representation.

This type of scale is used for objects of little dimension since the plane’s size must be adequate to draw the thing in its natural size. It is generally use for machinery parts where we need the representation to be as accurate as possible to work correctly.

Reduction Scale

This type of scale is found when the representation on the plane is smaller than the real object. It represents extensive land, maps of houses, or large objects.

Must do a multiplication to know the real value of the represented territory/object. For example, we have a scale of 1:1000, and we want to measure a wall on a house plan. If we calculate the size of the wall on the plane and see that it is 20 cm, we multiply it by the value of the scale (1000), and the result is 20000 (20 meters).

Magnification Scale

In contrast to the previous type of scale, the enlargement scale is use to represent objects that are small in size or that are difficult to see with the naked eye. In this case, the size of the thing is smaller than its representation. For example, on the scale of 20:1, every twenty centimeters of the drawing represents one centimeter in reality. For this reason, what we must do to know the real measurement is to divide by the numerator. We find that the value of the numerator is much larger than the denominator.

Scale As A Proportion And In Physics

Scale As A Proportion And In Physics


Scale is also the proportion or size in which an idea or project is develop: “We must make a large-scale investment to bring running water to all the towns in the Northwest.”

In physics, the scale is graduation used in various instruments to enable the measurement of a magnitude. The Richter and the Mercalli measure, for example, allow the importance of an earthquake or earthquake to be classified.

In physics, it is known as a graduation to measure the effects of various instruments. For example, the Richter scale and the Mercalli. The Richter is a logarithmic scale that allows measuring the magnitude of an earthquake. Allows knowing the energy released at the focus or hypocenter. The Mercalli is identify by measuring the intensity of damage to buildings, objects, land, people, and areas.


The Intervals in the Musical Scale

When analyzing the intervals in a major tonality, it can be observe, for example, that between the first degree and the third (degree being, in this case, synonymous with tone). There is a segment known as the major third. To travel the path from C ( the tonic) up to E natural (its third degree) requires ascending two whole steps or four semitones. And the only note that can be play in between is D natural.

This series of rules and limits directly impacts the tension between the different nodes of atonality. In the case of C minor, its third degree is not E natural but E flat, and the aurally perceived relationship between them is pretty different from the one describe above.

In confident disciplines, as a way of forming certain information hierarchically,

Following A Precise Order.

  • The color value arranges colors from one side of the band to the other.
  • The scale of a map characterizes the conversion of distances from largest (actual size) to smallest (size figured on the map or graph).
  • The musical orders the musical notes conferring on their nature.

Scale Functions

  • Depending on their type, they have different functionalities. For example, the graph allows knowing the dimension. Structure of a real object or map represented in a smaller size. It has the purpose of recreating distances and proportional dimensions in a plane or map.
  • The musical is what forms the basis of a melody, tonality, and composition in music by combining different notes.
  • There are color they give volume to objects. For example, the grayscale is use to know the progressions of gray between black and white and apply in painting.
  • The estimative scales determine the degree of quality present in a student to which some observation instrument is apply.


It is a relationship between the proportions of a structure’s actual size concerning. The drawing or model that represents it in a different size. On the other hand, we can also speak of a scale as the succession of musical notes arranged from the highest to the lowest or vice versa.