The modes of transport of a company vary under different factors, such as distance, the fragility of the cargo, the place of delivery, etc. Among the main ones are the following techniques:
Rail transport modes are good options for when there is a need to transport loads with large volumes, which have a container in a fixed location. They are widely use to transport steel products, agricultural products, iron ore derivatives, and oil.
Among the main advantages of this model are the low cost due to cheaper fuels, the safety in transporting loads, and the low risk of accidents.
Freight transport by road is carried out, as the name indicates, on highways by trucks and, sometimes, by cars. The routes, in this case, are distribute from north to south of the countries. Even if it is ideal for short distances. This mode also allows reasonable deadlines and the transport of various loads.
By investing in road transport, the company gains the advantage of easy contracting and little bureaucracy in issuing documentation. In addition, they can take advantage of government incentives and accessibility since these vehicles can reach more distant locations.
Interestingly, this mode of transport is responsible for 75% of the distribution of supplies in the Brazilian industry. One of the largest in Latin America, and where headquarters are located.
As well to the rail mode, water transport, which carries out the maritime movement, can transport a large volume over considerable distances.
This transport system has a low risk of robbery, theft, cargo damage, and other types of losses and low freight costs. The alternative benefit is that it can be use in combination with road transport to guarantee more precision in the delivery of products.
The air method is part of one of the main modes of global transport. It offers agility for companies that need to make long-distance deliveries, mainly when they have perishable products. It is also use for shipping high-cost goods.
Most used mode of transport in the world to supply customers is the truck, the following five aspects should be considered when choosing this type of transport.
Round Trip versus One Way (round trip or one way): Hire, as far as possible, transports that have their returns with other companies so that the trip will be round (Round Trip). Otherwise, a vehicle without return (one way) is most likely that part of the return will be transfer to the tariff, increasing transport costs.
Contracts: Always generate contracts that guarantee the operation, especially cargo insurance, accidents, and damages to third parties. In short, be support eventuality since the cargo belongs to each company and is involve in situations not desire.
Service Level: Periodically measure the level of service provided by transport, generating satisfaction surveys involving customers. Distribution centers, and commercial areas; This way, there will be monitoring that will benefit in the long run with an increase in the level of final service to the clients.
Readjustment polynomial: To avoid subjectivities and not pay “inefficiencies” in the transportation rate, it is necessary, together with the client company and by mutual agreement, to generate a polynomial that involves at least three aspects of the transportation costs that influence the final rate, for example, fuel, tires
Good logistics planning is important to improve and improve the results of a company’s operations. As each of the modes of transport has specific characteristics, managers must assess which of these options best heals the precisions of the business.
Another critical point is that, based on knowledge about the particularities of each technique. It is possible to diversify the means used for delivery. It recommends carrying out an in-depth analysis of costs, types of cargo, delivery times, and operational risks.
Let’s analyze two situations. First, a company does not receive its raw materials on time, which causes expenses and delays in its production process. In the second, a customer purchases a product online, but it gets lost along the way and never reaches his hands. In both, transportation is decisively involve. What do these two situations have in common?
Transport is of the utmost importance in logistics management, as it intervenes in different processes, such as production and sale. Currently, companies can use different modes and means of transport to move their goods successfully.
The modes of transport can be air, sea, land, rail, etc. On the other hand, the means refer to the vehicles necessary for transportation according to the chosen mode.( plane, ship, truck, and rail)
The different modes of transport are nothing more than the techniques used to transport the goods from the manufacturer to the final destination. This process must be thought out carefully by the company’s logistics sector. So that they do not make losses in the quality of the product.
Transport modes compete with each other, but governments also have preferences about their use. For example, the use of rail or short-sea shipping over the use of congested roads. However, ‘cabotage’ rules obstruct free short sea shipping or rail transport.
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