In recent years, the environmental impact of aviation challenges has become a priority for the aviation sector, both globally and locally. In this sense, as pointed out by the State Aviation Safety Agency (AESA), ” The challenge of climate change, noise in the surroundings of airports. Polluting emissions and their effects on health, the protection of biodiversity. The development of new sustainable fuels. New propulsion systems are areas that demand strategies and measures to face these challenges
The aforementioned has concluded implementing an onerous environmental regulation. Environmental Impact Of Aviation national levels. From evaluating and managing the acoustic impact to the policies to reduce emissions that cause global warming. Restrictions on air quality, alternative fuels, energy efficiency, or conservation of the natural heritage of the territory with airport operations; affirm that numerous rules contemplate the protection of the environment and aviation.
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Aviation And Environmental Pollution
Aviation is the fastest increasing mode of transport for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Ecologists in action defend the significant reduction in the number of flights as the only way to reduce the sector’s impact.
The report ‘ Decrease in aviation: the reduction of air transport in a fair way prepared by the international network «Stay Grounded,» of which Ecologists in Action is a part. This report, organized by the joint work of more than 150 experts and activists, is a pioneering publication whose objective is to assess the real impact of aviation rigorously.
Paradigm Shift: From Offsetting Emissions To Reducing Flights
As the report shows, emission compensation projects or investments in alternative fuels (biofuels or synthetic fuels) carried out to reduce aviation emissions have proven to be ineffective, if not counterproductive.
Aviation Reduces Its Environmental Impact
Some Of The Most Important And Innovative In The Industry:
Biofuel: the use of fuel of vegetable origin or recycled oils continues to grow. Generating a reduction in CO2 emissions of up to 50% per flight depending on the type of engine, aircraft, and derived. These materials are complete from organic waste from the agricultural industry or plants specialized in generating this type of fuel. Airlines Alaska Airlines, SpiceJet and others have begun to implement it little by little, while studies of its performance continue to advance.
Carbon neutral airports: a growing trend is for airports to “absorb” the emissions generated by the entire airport operation process with carbon bonds or by carrying out actions such as reforestation, electric cars, and eco-efficient lighting.
Recycling: When you fly and the cabin crew collects your waste, you realize that they go in a standard bag, regardless of waste. It is how more airlines such as Iberia are now processing this waste. Generating more than 2,250 tons of recycled material.
New materials on board: airlines such as Air France have incorporated plant-based cutlery on their flights. Which generates organic waste and reduces the aircraft’s weight. Which is also a factor that reduces fuel consumption.
Air Quality In The Face Of Global Air Traffic Growth
According to the International Civil Aviation Organization, it is the plan that passenger traffic in the air sector will increase by 4.7% per year. New aircraft must meet emission rates below 45% of the current average for nitrogen and 10% for carbon dioxide to offset these productions.
Along these lines, this document presents the first set of metrics for emissions. Impact on climate and air quality that present solutions to offset future estimates. According to the study, “while the studies mentioned above are valuable in understanding emissions-to-impact mechanisms. They do not allow for consistent benchmarking of aviation emissions offsets taking into account both climate and air quality impacts.
The Impact Of Emissions
“Our results show that three components are responsible for 97 percent of climate. And air quality damages per unit of aviation fuel consumption: NOx air quality impacts at 58 percent; CO2 climate impacts at 25 percent; and climatic impacts of contrails at 14 percent”, says Sebastian Eastham, researcher of the study
ICAO data indicate that the airline industry generates between 2% and 3% of CO2 emissions worldwide. Although other pollutants have not been measured in the study.
Although more than 54% of global emissions are attributable to buses and ground transportation Aviation seeks to continue reducing. Its emissions within social responsibility by 2020 and expects to have reduced the pollution index by 50% compared to 2005.
Considering that global passenger traffic doubles every 15 years, the actions to be carried out are increasingly critical to care for the environment.
if you want to contract travel insurance, it is essential that before acquiring. The particular conditions of the same review to confirm what assumptions are effectively cover. As well as the limitations and exceptions that are applied to each coverage
It should note that over the months, we will see if the contracting of these new coverages by travelers. Together with the measures to make mobility more flexible and mass vaccination. Are sufficient to accelerate the reactivation of the trips.